Single-Cell Transcriptomic Profiling of the Hypothalamic Median Eminence During Aging

Zhen-Hua Chen, Si Li, Mingrui Xu, Candace C. Liu, Hongying Ye, Ben Wang, Qing-Feng Wu

Journal of Genetics and Genomics
DOI: 10.1016/j.jgg.2022.01.001.


Aging is a slow and progressive natural process that compromises the normal functions of cells, tissues, organs and systems. The aging of the hypothalamic median eminence (ME), a structural gate linking neural and endocrine systems, may impair hormone release, energy homeostasis and central sensing of circulating molecules, leading to systemic and reproductive aging. However, the molecular and cellular features of ME aging remain largely unknown. Here we describe the transcriptional landscape of young and middle-aged mouse ME at single-cell resolution, revealing the common and cell-type-specific transcriptional changes with age. The transcriptional changes in cell-intrinsic programs, cell-cell crosstalk and cell-extrinsic factors highlight five molecular features of ME aging and also implicate several potentially druggable targets at cellular, signaling and molecular levels.